Bale Packaging

Standards, specifications, and updates.

Specifications for Cotton Bale Packaging Materials
Approved by the Joint Cotton Industry Bale Packaging Committee (JCIBPC), these specifications are intended for use as manufacturing guidelines, and are designed to improve the quality and protection of the cotton bale and to improve the appearance and marketability of the American cotton bale in domestic and foreign markets.

Global Bale Packaging Mill Survey
Results are available from a 2020 Global Bale Packaging Mill Survey, conducted in cooperation with Cotton Council International. The survey asked mills for their preferences of bale bagging and strapping, bale patching material, tagging materials, bale head closure practices, and recyclability/sustainability. Input regarding their experience with contamination was also included.

NEW 2021 Memo Reiterates Importance of Elimination of Mismatched PBI Tags, AMS Sample Coupons
Instances of mismatched PBI tags and sample coupons have continued to increase despite a comprehensive communications effort conducted by the USDA Agricultural Marketing Service, Cotton and Tobacco Program (AMS), the National Cotton Council and others. The AMS document, "Sampling and Tagging Procedures," provides an overview of techniques for sampling practices.

Form for Reporting Bale Packaging Performance
NCC policy the NCC to provide " for the development and industry wide use of a comprehensive reporting form that documents bale tie and bag performance."

U.S. Cotton Bale Dimensions
Description and characteristics of a typical U.S. gin universal density cotton bale.

Guide to Cotton Bale Standards
A guide to bale conditions which are generally considered acceptable to receiving warehouses and textile mills. (398k PDF file)

Bale Weight Management
In 2003, the National Cotton Council, the Memphis Cotton Exchange and the National Cotton Ginners' Association, as well as state and regional ginner associations in the Mid-South and the Southeast, created a "Bale Weight Management" brochure. Because light and heavy weight bales still are a concern, though, the informational brochure was updated and can be viewed by clicking the link above.

Bale Packaging: Eliminating Broken Bale Ties
Describes the four main factors that lead to tie breakage on Gin UD bales. Description and characteristics of a typical U.S. gin universal density cotton bale.

Specifications for Permanent Bale Identification Bale Tags
The cotton industry has developed a Permanent Bale Identification (PBI) system that enables a unique number and standard barcode to accompany a bale of cotton from the gin to the textile mill. This document is intended to provide you with the details of the PBI system as well as define AMS requirements for the Classing Identification Coupon, which accompanies the tag placed on the bale by the gin.

Managing PBI Tag Placement and AMS Sample Coupons
Describes unacceptable PBI practices and ways to avoid AMS sample coupon and PBI tag mismatches.

Permanent Bale ID Tag Update
The cotton industry has developed a Permanent Bale Identification (PBI) system that enables a unique number and standard barcode to accompany a bale of cotton from the gin to the textile mill. The success of the PBI system is based on the principle that all numbers will be unique across multiple years. Even though you can repeat your numbering series after five years, it is a better business practice to continue adding unused PBI numbers to your series.

A letter to state and regional gin associations and cotton warehouse associations from the National Cotton Council and the National Cotton Ginners Association describes the problems of misshapened bales at warehouses, including increased handling time per bale and loss of storage space. The letter urges gins to accept the challenge of producing well packaged bales of uniform size, shape and density that enhance the image of U.S.cotton.
Bale Press Maintenance and Bale Shape Uniformity (1.8 MB pdf)
It is important for ginners to understand the significant safety hazards and costs associated with misshapened bales. The linked presentation, created by Joe Thomas and Duncan McCook with Lummus Corporation, was presented at the 2008 Ginners Conference in Nashville, TN. The intent of the presentation is to assist ginners as they address misshapen bale issues.

Pest-Free U.S. Cotton Through Control, Ginning and Compression
The research summarized by Ed Hughs in his presentation to a group of Ecuadorian phytosanitary officials highlights information that was critical to decisions that allowed unrestricted cotton bale movement and at the same time protected producer and federal investments in boll weevil and pink bollworm eradication programs.

JCIBPC Lists of Approved Manufacturers

These lists are published in accordance with the guidlines in the Specifications for Cotton Bale Packaging Materials.

2022 Joint Cotton Industry Bale Packaging Committee (JCIBPC) Meeting Registration Now Open

Attendees may now register for the 2022 Joint Cotton Industry Bale Packaging Committee (JCIBPC) Annual Meeting, set for Wednesday, February 23. You are strongly encouraged to pre-register for the meeting simply by completing and submitting the on-line form located at Pre-registration ends on Wednesday, February 16th.

The meeting will be held at the Embassy Suites by Hilton Memphis (1022 South Shady Grove Road, Memphis, Tennessee 38120). On-site badge pickup/registration will open at 11:00 a.m. The first general session will be held from 1:00-3:00 p.m. The executive session is scheduled for 3:15-4:00 p.m. Review of requests for experimental test programs and product approvals will take place during the executive session. The JCIBPC’s actions on requests will be announced during a short second general session following a brief recess at the conclusion of the executive session.

Views of Raw Cotton Interests and Others on the Elimination of the Use of Wire Ties

The JCIBPC Wire Tie Report page contains links to the JCIBPC Chairman's memo, the wire tie report and appendices for the wire tie report. (You must be logged in as an NCC member to view the linked page and its content.)

USDA Form CCC-809 and Approved Packaging Materials

A JCIBPC memo to ginners reminded them of their obligation to only use approved packaging materials. This memo was in response to an email that is in the files of USDA state price support specialists informing them "…that cotton gins must submit CCC-809, Cooperating Ginner's Bagging and Bale Ties Certification and Agreement for their cotton to be eligible as collateral for a CCC loan. CCC-809 is a multi-year agreement that, once filed, remains in effect until terminated by CCC or the gin."