In its September crop report, USDA estimated a 2022-23 U.S. crop of 13.83 million bales.
Upland production was estimated at 13.37 million bales and extra-long staple (ELS) production at 460,000 bales. Harvested area was an estimated 7.88 million acres, implying a non-harvested area of about 5.92 million acres. The resulting abandonment rate is about 42.89%.
The national average yield per harvested acre was estimated to be about 843 pounds, 12 pounds lower than the 5-year average.