The overall research and extension environment for IPM research has been vastly improved due to changes in society's goals and priorities as well as events such as Alar and books like Alternative Agriculture. The challenge is to resist the overwhelming urge of a knee-jerk defensive stance in support of the status quo. An opportunity has been afforded for IPM research and extension enhancement and visibility. Indications are that farm programs will include incentives for use of less chemicals rather than strict regulations. Our responsibility is to direct programs to address the goals and priorities of society. Effective IPM research and extension will require adjustments from the traditional approach. Truly interdisciplinary teams working in centers of excellence offer the greatest opportunity for major dramatic advances. In this way, interactions of all production strategies along with trade-offs, farm program provisions, and economic implications can be quanitifed.