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The Effect of Fiber Surface Irregularities on the Optical Mass of Cotton Beards

J. P. Gourlot, A. Drieling and C. K. Bragg


Using a cut-and-weigh procedure that was developed previously for a Reference Test Method for HVI strength measurements, it was shown that fiber surface characteristics have a significant effect on optical mass determinations in HVI strength tests. The optical mass determination was also shown to be sensitive to the distributions of the micronaire/fineness of the fibers in the test specimens. Scouring to remove or reduce surface constituents was used to demonstrate that natural waxes, which do not contribute to cellulose mass, can cause errors in mass determination made by optical methods. Swelling of the fibers, which does not change their linear density, but does change their reflectance properties, causes significant changes in optical mass measurements.

Reprinted from Proceedings of the 1998 Beltwide Cotton Conferences pg. 1598
©National Cotton Council, Memphis TN

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Document last modified Sunday, Dec 6 1998