The Cotton Foundation
Information and Research on Potential Consumer, Environmental and Workplace Risks

This ongoing project helps in the development of technical data needed in the formation of codes, regulations and rules affecting U.S. cotton industry operations and products.

Some of the key areas where data collection proved useful in averting overly burdensome regulations were: particulate matter (PM) and ozone emissions; hexane toxicity and dioxin levels; cottonseed oil spills and bedding flammability. Test data were obtained that are important to flammability standards being developed for bedclothes and upholstered furniture. Burn incidence data from Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) in-depth studies are continually updated and have been used to help retain the amendments (beneficial to cotton) to the Children's Sleepwear Flammability Standard and prevent other unnecessary new standards for general apparel.

Current year objectives will focus on: 1) developing and evaluating research information on PM, ozone and other air emissions from cotton operations; 2) developing improved flammability treatments and economic data for cotton products and flammability information/education programs; 3) evaluating workplace health and safety risks related to cotton; 4) evaluating (when necessary) toxicity of chemicals used on cotton textiles, potential residues on cotton, and chemicals used in other cotton processes; and 5) updating the ITT burn database with new CPSC in-depth studies.

EPA Residual Risk and Technology Reviews for the “Vegetable Oil Production” Source Category (MACT Standards Review)
Under this new effort, support will be given to an industry study of current risk analysis for n-hexane, which is used in vegetable oil production and is one of 190 potential “hazardous air pollutants.” Under the 1990-amended Clean Air Act (CAA), EPA is required to review the MACT Standard at least every eight years. This current study will develop industry information in preparation of the mandated EPA review.

The National Cotton Council and National Cottonseed Products Association’s member Cottonseed Oil Mills will partner with the National Oilseed Processors Association (NOPA) in helping to underwrite the study, which is the first phase of a NOPA proactive effort to address the CAA’s amendment calling for EPA’s completion of “risk and technology reviews” by April 2009.

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